blackjack strategy charts guide

After the basic rules of the game, a blackjack chart might be the most powerful weapon in your battle against the dealer. In fact, I’d go so far as to say that it’s impossible to play perfect blackjack without one.

If you’re looking for the best blackjack basic strategy chart to help you play better, or want to know how to use this gold mine of information, you’ve come to the right place.

What is a blackjack chart?

Basic strategy is a set of decisions which cover every possible situation you will ever encounter at the blackjack table. With over 9 billion combinations of player and dealer cards, how could this collection of perfect plays be presented without scrambling our brains?

“Perfect blackjack can be explained in a simple chart, allowing you to find the right move in seconds”

It might not look much, but a blackjack strategy chart contains the secret sauce that most casinos would love you never to know. But OJO is not most casinos. We understand that the more you know, the better you play and the more fun you’ll have.

The most popular blackjack strategy charts

There are many combinations of blackjack rules, even at the same online casino, and each one requires its own blackjack chart. Although most blackjack tips charts have a lot in common, there are small but important variations which it pays to know if you want to play perfectly.

You won’t lose your shirt by using a single deck chart in an 8 deck game, but you won’t get the full benefit of it either.

It’s extremely hard to learn every basic strategy chart, so I recommend you pick one that covers the most common table rules you’ll encounter at your local casino or favourite online blackjack table. If you’re a UK blackjack player, you’ll probably be playing 8 deck blackjack where the dealer stands on all 17s (S17), and you can’t double after you split (NDAS).

But for the sake of completeness, here’s a complete collection of the most common blackjack hand charts.

Single deck charts

Single deck blackjack may be where it all started – the purest form of the game – but card counters effectively destroyed single-deck blackjack by eliminating the house edge, so you will do well to find a game these days. The main difference between S17 and H17 single deck blackjack strategy charts is the right move with Soft 18 v 2, and Soft 19 v 6.

single deck s17 blackjack chart
single deck h17 blackjack chart

Double deck charts

The double-deck blackjack chart is identical for around 270 out of 280 decisions, but deviates from single-deck strategy in a number of situations when doubling or surrendering is possible.

The biggest deviation is with a pair of 7s, which with 2 decks should be hit against a 10, but surrendered or stand in a 1 deck game. You should also hit Soft 18 against an Ace, and double 8 v 5 or 6 if possible.

2 decks S17 blackjack chart
2 decks h17 blackjack chart

4 to 8 Deck charts

The most popular type of blackjack uses 8 decks, so these are the charts to focus on. Although they only deviate from 1 or 2 deck charts in less than 20 instances, some of the differences are important. With 11 against a dealer’s Ace for example, you should hit rather than double.

8 deck S17 chart
8 deck h17 chart

How to use a basic strategy chart

Down one side of the chart, you’ll find most types of player hand. Along the other side, you’ll see every possible dealer up card, from 2 to Ace.

The chart groups player hands into 3 categories; hard, soft and pairs, as the advice changes depending on the type of hand, as well as the points value. Here’s a perfect example of why the advice in basic strategy charts is different for hard hands, soft hands and pairs.

There are 3 ways to make a hand worth 14; A hard hand (for example 9-5), a soft hand (A-3) and a pair (7-7). Although all of these hands add up to 14, the correct move for an 8 deck UK blackjack table is different for all 3!

A comparison of 3 hands versus dealer, and the correct move in each case

Once you’ve received your first 2 cards and you know the dealer’s up card, you’re ready to check the chart.

To play blackjack perfectly:

  • Decide if your starting hand is a hard hand, soft hand or pair
  • Find the row on the left hand side which matches your hand
  • Find the column with the dealer’s up card at the top
  • Find the square where the player row and dealer column meet – that’s your move!

That’s how you play your starting hand, and if you stand or double, you’ve reached the end of your turn. If the chart advised you to split or hit, you may still need to make more decisions. Simply keep following the chart’s advice until it recommends that you stand, or you bust.

Blackjack charts in action

For these examples we’re using the most common UK blackjack strategy chart, an 8 deck game where the dealer stands on Soft 17, NDAS and no surrender.

Hand 1

8 4-6 (10) v Dealer’s 9. Player doubles. Gets an Ace (21)

You’ve been dealt 10 against a dealer’s 9. This is a clear double down. You draw an Ace to make 21 – nice work.

Hand 2

A-3 (4 or 14) v Dealer’s 4. Player hits & draws a 2 (6 or 16). Player hits again to get 6 (12). Player stands

Your starting hand is worth 4 or 14, so you can safely hit without the risk of busting. You draw a 2 which makes 6 or 16. You take another card and make 12, and as the dealer has a weak 4, you stand and hope he busts.

Hand 3

9-9 (18) v 6. Player splits. Gets 9-3 and 9-Ace. Player stands both hands

Two nines makes 18, which is a solid favourite against a 6. But the individual nines are much stronger than the dealer’s 6, so the chart advises us to split. You get to double your stake against one of the dealer’s worst cards. You make 12 and 10 or 20, and stand on both.

Using strategy charts online or in a casino

In classic blackjack casino games that use computer software, there is no time limit, so you have all the time in the world to check your chart. Print out the chart, stick it close to your screen and play as many hands as possible using the chart as your reference tool.

Although you could take a chart with you to a real casino, one thing you can’t do is practice for free. If you want to learn how to use a chart risk-free, find a free internet blackjack game and refer to the online blackjack strategy chart for each decision.

It’s the best way to quickly hone your basic strategy, and it won’t cost you a penny.

“Using a chart when you play online for free is the best way to hone your basic strategy”

In a real casino, you’ll only have a few seconds to figure out the correct play. You could keep a chart in front of you at the table, but if you play plenty of blackjack in casinos, the smart play is to memorize the chart so you’re able to recall the right play instantly, even in the heat of battle.

There’s no shame in placing a blackjack basic strategy card in front of you when you play in a casino (and US casinos often hand charts out for free), although few players do so outside of Las Vegas (where anything goes!).

Don’t forget that any experienced dealer should know basic strategy and will usually be happy to explain the right play.

Basic strategy chart FAQs

Still got questions about the perfect blackjack strategy chart? I’m not doing it right!

How do you read a basic strategy chart?

Find your hand down the left edge, find the dealer’s hand along the top edge and find the square where they intersect. The capital letter explains the decision which gives you the best average return on your money.

How do you memorize a basic strategy chart?

The easiest way to memorize a blackjack basic strategy chart is to practice, practice, practice! It won’t take you long to play thousands of hands covering almost every possible scenario, and you’ll learn quickly by experience.

If you want to memorize the blackjack table chart without playing, you’re in luck.

“Few players can instantly commit the entire 280-square chart to their visual memory, but the good news is you don’t need to learn every move.”

By studying each row of a blackjack chart, you can spot general rules of thumb that work for large groups of hands. For example, the chart tells us to double 11 against everything except an Ace, and you’ve just learned how to play perfect blackjack for an entire row. Only 27 more to go!

What is the best basic strategy chart?

There is no one chart to rule them all. Each one is designed for a specific set of rules, so the short answer to this question is ‘the right chart for the game you’re playing!’. With the wrong chart, you’ll still play better than someone who doesn’t follow any basic blackjack strategy, but you won’t play perfectly either.

Why are there so many different charts?

Blackjack is played using many different combinations of rules. In some casinos, you can double down on 8 at one table, but not at the next. The advice in basic strategy charts can vary slightly depending how many decks of cards are used, whether the dealer stands on soft or hard 17, when doubling and splitting are allowed, if you can double after a split, and so on.

You can optimise your play for specific actions with specialized blackjack hit or stand charts, or find charts for games with a 6 to 5 payout. (Here’s a clue – don’t play! Stick to a classic blackjack 3 to 2 payout chart if you want to get the best house edge).

Some charts even account for variations in rules by giving you the option of hit or stand if rules like split and double aren’t allowed in certain situations.

What you’ve learned about blackjack charts

The basic strategy laid out in these charts is so fundamental to success that if you remember nothing else from our blackjack guide, the wisdom here will serve you well.

Whether you’re just starting out, taking your game to the next level or learning how to count cards, a strategy chart is your best friend. Now you know what the goal of a blackjack chart is, how to use it and which chart you’ll need when you next play.

Daniel Grant

Dan Grant has been writing about gambling for 15 years, and been fascinated by beating the odds for even longer. Now he’s on a mission to help others bet smarter and avoid the mistakes he made. When he’s not obsessing over bankroll strategy or counting cards badly, he’s hosting The OJO Show podcast.

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